Water filtration does not only mean obtaining a crystal clear usable water but more importantly, a safe drinkable water. It implies that through the process of filtering muddy water using a homemade water filtration system, the key particles that must be separated are the microscopical ones that are a potential cause of various diseases like bacterias, microparasites, parasite eggs, fungi, and some other viruses.
To obtain this result, a portable drink, there are two main steps you must follow:
- Proper Water Filtration – This process involves the removal of all visible particles.
- Water Sterilization – You can do this by boiling the water, or adding certain products that will kill the germs. This step is being used just in case that the filter is not dense enough to separate the visible germs.
The easiest water filtration system that will filter muddy water that can be made at home using whatever design you choose to have followed about the same principle: the water must pass through your filter in order, from the toughest material to softest material. It is a good idea to contain activated charcoal. It will absorb some odd substances that will make the water as pure as possible.
Filtering Your Water at Home
Here are the homemade water materials that you will need:
- Walnut-sized gravel
- Activated Charcoal
- Fine Sand
- Fine Filter
For the fine filter, you could use a paper coffee filter or a classic piece of material like cotton, folded three times, or even more. Also, you will need a plastic bottle in a shape of a cone, or any waterproof material.
Steps to Make a Homemade Water Filtration System:
- Add the Fabric, fine sand, charcoal and gravel in the cone.
- Add the small rocks on the top.
- Clean the materials.
Now, after following these steps, the water obtained should be filtered.
But here comes an important part: the pores in the fabric are much larger than the dimensions of the harmful germs in the water.
In order to make it suitable for drinking, your clear water must now be boiled, or treated with some special substances.
One of these substances that can be used is the germicidal tablets Potable Aqua Water Purification. This product makes questionable water bacteriologically suitable to drink in just 35 minutes of action. It contains some ingredients that kill germs like E. coli and even Giardia parasites, well known to cause digestive problems, especially on children and elders. All you have to do is to add one of the 50 tablets the product has, in your now-filtered water and let it rest the time it says on the description to make its effect, and then it should be good to consume.
All these methods are perfect for obtaining good water at home. In case you have a good free source of water on the nearby, like a spring or maybe a fountain and you plan to use that source without worries, but also if something else occurs that could contaminate your usual nearby sources.
Out in the Wild? No problem! Here is How to Filter Your Water
To make a water filter in the wild, you basically need about the same materials that you can use at home too, but also this could be improvised with some others too. All it really matters is the same principle, filtering water from the roughest to the finest part of the filter. It can be used as a container, like a plastic bottle, and this will be filled with a piece of fabric, you can use a piece of clothing, a sock, a tissue folded many times, then add some fine sand, then the gravel and on the top you can use bigger rocks or even dry grass or wood shaving (make sure the dried plants are not musty or they are not dangerous species of plants in general). After you assemble the filter and obtain clear water, again, do sterilize it by boiling or adding germicidal tablets.
Are There Any Market Solutions?
There are, of course, other new methods of filtering water, modern filters that do not require the second part of sterilization, because in their structure they have micropores that instantly will not permit germs to pass.
One of this products is the Lifestraw filter. Nominated by the Time Magazine in 2005 as the best innovation of the year, this is a solution for filtering and drinking safe water in real time. Extremely easy to use and very light, it allows you to consume water from every source you find when you are traveling or being in camping, or in emergency situations, when the local sources of water may be contaminated after floods or storms.
It separates 99.99percent of a vast series of parasites, like Escherichia coli, Cryptosporidium, Giardia lamblia and many others. It also filters up to 1000 liters, filtering by the micro scale of 0,2 micrometers. This product is one of the first choices for North America, but also it became very popular all around the globe. In disadvantaged areas, where good water almost does not exist anymore, this product manages to save lives, preventing dehydration for the people who use it and preventing serious diseases.