benefits of raising quail for meat-breeding quails for eggs
The technology of exploiting quails for eggs is like the quails for reproduction. But, there are some differences, namely batteries. Although the same principles are respected, they are of a wide variety of sizes, ranging from family size to approx. 20 heads and can reach thousands of heads.
Ratio Of Males To Females For Breeding
You need to keep male and female quails on a proper ratio for successful breeding purposes. For good breeding, the most appropriate ratio is 5:1. So one male with every five female.
Because males are no longer needed, so colony size is not limited to fertility considerations.The Japanese quail farming, for example, recommend three types of egg farmers: family quail farms, raising quails as an annex occupation, and raising quails as a primary occupation.
Types Of Quail
- Bobwhite Quail
- Other Breeds
Family Quail Farms
The family farms are made of pleasure and practical spirit, and the number of raised quails is about 15-20. Apart from the pleasant spending of free time, the small farm covers the eggs of the respective family, and the quail eggs are dietary.
A man, for example, should consume one hen’s egg a day, or 4-5 quail eggs, adding up to about 1500 quail eggs a year.
Since a quail produces about 250 eggs annually, it means that for each family member, there must be 6 quails permanently. If the family consists of four people, then the size of the farm will be 24 quails (20 females and 4 males).
For a square meter of cage 100-120, the adult quilt can be accommodated. We will reserve about 8 cm² for each quilt and for 24 quilts, and we will need a cage with dimensions of 64-30 cm or 2 overlapping cages of 32 -30 cm.
For such a cage, it is not necessary a special room but only a storage room in the house, a corridor, a veranda, a balcony, a bridge, etc., if it maintains a constant temperature between 17-20 ° C, without currents and noises.In fact, such a mobile cage weighs up to 12 kg and can be move easily. Such a cage must be provided with a feeding trough and an adaptation trough, located outside the cage.
Quail daily consommation
The quail consumes between 22-30g feeds per day, depending on the level of the eggs, the nutritional value of the fodder, and how they are prepared.
- At a daily average of 25g, it means a daily requirement of 600g / day or 18kg / month at a farm of 24 quails. Thus, 400-500 eggs are produced per month.
- In the morning, feed (about 600g) and water (about 1 liter) are administered for that day.
- Late in the evening, the eggs are harvested (usually laid eggs in the afternoon). Every 2-3 days, remove the trays with dejections from under the cage (each quail produces about 25g of melts daily, so in three days, from 24 quails are gathered up to 2 kg of melts).
Put a few days in the sun, and after drying in bags, this debris becomes an excellent natural fertilizer that can fertilize about 1000 m² of vegetable garden or flowers per year.
Growing quails as an annex occupation
Such a farm ensures the family’s own necessities in eggs, quail, and besides, makes a surplus of eggs for recovery. It is estimated that such a farm can have between 100 and 500 quails and produces between 25000-125000 eggs annually.
It is recommended to start with a smaller number of quails, about 100, the development of the farm is done gradually as the accumulation of experience and the insurance of the egg market.
A farm of 500 quails requires a larger volume of work. For 500 quails, cages totaling 4sqm are needed. Therefore, to gain space, the cages will be placed in the battery on four levels, in which case the growth space remains very limited (1mp-4 levels). Thus a well-ventilated and illuminated room is needed.
The growth of quails as a primary activity
Such a farm involves carrying out detailed studies on the geographical conditions of the area, the cost of feed, the market of sales, etc.
Depending on the preferences, the size of the farm will be established – e.g. between 3000-10000 eggs quails.
Raising quails for meat
Regarding the growth of meat quails, there are practically no noticeable differences between the growth of reproductive youth and meat quails. We can say that in the domestic system of growth, this is done in five phases:
- Chickens up to three days – the chickens are introduced into cages (maternities) with glass walls, with infrared heating, the upper wall being mobile, well ventilated. 250 chickens per 1 m² are introduced, and a temperature of 40 ° C is provided in the cage. Under the bulb, a cylindrical object with a diameter of the bulb will be placed, to avoid crowding the chicks.
- Chickens between 3-7 days – in the same cage will gradually reduce the temperature to 33-35 ° C, especially by strong ventilation.
- Chicks of 7-14 days – at the age of 7 days, the chicks are removed from the maternity and transferred to the upper floor of the breeding battery where the temperature will be reduced to 28-30 ° C. On a surface of 40-30 cm (1200cm²) can be accommodated, at this age, 25-30 chickens, that is to allocate about 48 cm² for a chicken, respectively 200-250 chickens per square meter of cage.
- Chicks 14-21 days old – chickens are lowered on the upper floor of the battery by introducing 17-20 chickens in a 40-30cm cage, thus ensuring about 60-65cm² / chickens respectively a number of 150-260 chickens per meter square of cage.
- Chickens 21-28 days old – the chickens are lowered by one more floor, the density being reduced to 12-16 chickens per 40-30 cm (1200cm²) cage, thus ensuring about 80-100cm² chickens, to one square meter cage.
The different temperatures at different heights of the battery, while at the top battery the temperature is about 30-32 ° C. At the middle temperature the temperature will be about 28-30 ° C.
At the lower temperature of 27 -28 ° C, i.e. as recommended for the respective ages.
- Meat youth of 28-42 days – after the age of 28 days, when the youth is well dressed in feathers, it can be transferred to batteries located in unheated halls in summer and easily heated in winter, so that the indoor temperature does not drop below 20 ° C.
Cages with dimensions of half a square meter are recommended, in which they grow between 50-55 quails for meat.
Throughout the growing period, continuous lighting is provided (24 hours a day), but during the night, the light may have a lower intensity. In this growth system, a weight of 70 grams is provided at the age of 28 days, 110 grams at 35 days, and 130 grams at 42 days.
Is raising quail worth it?
Buying Quail Chicks
You can purchase quail chicks from any of your nearest quail breeders or from any pet supply store in your area. You can also order online, or search your local classifieds. You can also hatch quail eggs if you have an incubator. Purchasing fertile eggs for hatching will cost less than purchasing chicks. Learn more about hatching quail eggs.
Hatching Your Own Is More Economical For Long Term Quail Raising
This is the most economical way if you are going to make quail a part of your typical routine around the homestead. Hatching the eggs out costs very little even if you only get part of them to actually hatch out.
Buying already hatched chicks costs a lot more. After you order that first batch of quail you should hatch your own out after that so you can increase your profits.
There is also the expense of buying an incubator to consider. If you are not going to use if very often then investing in a large or expensive unit might not be practical. Again if you have someone to share it with then that might change the equation.
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